This NY Times column contains well-meaning rhetoric from people who are out of power. I have little confidence in this budget constraint jabber, although I fully support reduced spending on both the state and federal level.
The reason that political good intentions to control spending usually fail is because the BIG spending programs, other than defense, are for people 'needs'. Maintaining these 'entitlements' (the very name suggests that they can't be reduced) are the promise that often leads to politicians' election success.
Votersget what they want because so many politicians are panderers rather than leaders. Rhetoric is cheap on the campaign trail, but costly when the IRS collects for the laws made in Congress.